Rafael Mosberger, Henrik Andreasson and Achim J. Lilienthal
A Customized Vision System for Tracking Humans wearing Reflective Safety Clothing from Industrial Vehicles and Machinery
Sensors, Volume 14(9), 2014, pp. 17331 - 17352
Abstract: This article presents a novel approach for vision-based detection and tracking of humans wearing high-visibility clothing with retro-reflective markers. Addressing industrial applications where heavy vehicles operate in the vicinity of humans, we deploy a customized stereo camera setup with active illumination that allows for efficient detection of the reflective patterns created by the worker’s safety garments. After segmenting reflective objects from the image background, the interest regions are described with local image feature descriptors and classified in order to discriminate safety garments from other reflective objects in the scene. In a final step, the trajectories of the detected humans are estimated in 3D space relative to the camera. We evaluate our tracking system in two industrial real-world work environments on several challenging video sequences. The experimental results indicate accurate tracking performance and good robustness towards partial occlusions, body pose variation, and a wide range of different illumination conditions.
Keywords: Infrared vision, human detection, industrial safety, high-visibility clothing.
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Bibtex:
@ARTICLE{Mosberger_etal:Sensors:2014,
  AUTHOR = {Mosberger, Rafael and Andreasson, Henrik and Lilienthal, Achim~J.},
  TITLE = {A Customized Vision System for Tracking Humans wearing Reflective Safety Clothing from Industrial Vehicles and Machinery},
  JOURNAL = {Sensors},
  YEAR = {2014},
  VOLUME = {14},
  NUMBER = {10},
  PAGES = {17952--17980},
  KEYWORDS = {Infrared vision, human detection, industrial safety, high-visibility clothing},
  URL = {http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/14/10/17952/pdf}
}